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The Boston Red Sox
The Boston Red Sox are a baseball team that is a part of the Eastern Division of the American League. The team, which began in 1901, was one of the league's first franchises. The baseball team's home park is designated as Fenway Park. This designation came in 1912. The first team owner was John Taylor who renamed the team, as they had been previously called the Red Stockings. To date, the team has played a total of eleven World Series games and won 7 of them. The nickname, Red Stockings first started being used from the Cincinnati Red Stockings, a club affiliated with the National Association of Base Ball Players. Harry Wright, their manager, adopted a specific type of clothing that included both white pants as well as red stockings. This would garner them the eminent nickname in 1869, before they hired the first fully qualified team. The club would cease in 1870. Following this, Wright was asked and subsequently hired by Boston business executive, Ivers Whitney Adams to begin putting together a fresh and contemporary Boston team. Adams was able to accomplish this by bringing in three colleagues in addition to the Red Stockings nickname. The team ended up being the victors of four competitions in a total of 5 seasons. This feat was performed under the new National Association, which was the very first proficient club.
The Sox and Integration
Following the trading of Babe Ruth in 1919, the team was known and observed as second division players. When 1946 approached, the team was once again approaching what many deemed to be the upper American League echelon. Eight of the players were as a result placed as members of the All-star team. The team also was able to advance to the World Series, where they lost to the Cardinals a total of seven times. Throughout the next four years, they were able to establish themselves as a top team within the league, with devotees all over the country hoping that they would attain a title every year.
They are a member of the American League Eastern Division. Founded in 1901 as members of the American League's original 8. They have been called Fenway Park home since 1912. In the league's inaugural season, they defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates in the World Series. They would go on to win 4 more crowns by 1918, before slipping into one of the longest droughts in MLB history. This drought, known as the "Curse of the Bambino" (after they sold Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees in 1918) would last 86 years until 2004 when they would again win the World Series. Since winning that championship, they have returned to league supremacy, becoming annual playoff contenders and selling out every home game since 2003.
As with all of the teams at that time who were in Major League Baseball, the team was confronted with the reaction of Jackie Robinson, who had become a Dodger. This would lead to discussions of integration, which had been talked about before, but never incorporated into the sport of baseball. The top executives of the team were Irish, who many felt were the most powerful within the city of Boston. These individuals had established themselves and were adored. In a fact of sheer irony, the team actually had the opportunity to bring Robinson into their fold when he tried out in 1945. The team though decided not to rock the proverbial boat despite Robinson's stellar playing. Many officials in the city of Boston found Robinson's baseball playing exceptional, but the echelon of the team continued to express their hostility towards integration.
The team also let Willie Mays elude their team. Among the greats in baseball, Mays is considered to be one of the best baseball players in the sport. At the time, he was playing for the Birmingham Black Barons and considered trying out for the Red Sox. Irrespective of his skill and talent, the team continued to be haunted by their racist attitudes and hostility. Many writers at the time and since then have often commented on the attitudes of many of the Red Sox executives. The team was simply not having any African Americans on their team - period. Pumpsie Green would change that dynamic in 1959, but it was not an easy victory. Green would sign to the team in 1956 but was met with much angst and pressure. The Sox also were facing pressure at that time because they had not accepted any form of integration. Green, though, was considered a viable candidate because he had exceptional hitting power to have been a rookie. Boston writers frequently stated that he was the leading force for the Sox and deserved a top spot. In spite of this praise, Green was noted by the manager of the team at the time, Mike Higgins that he just wasn't ready for the big time. As a consequence of this demotion, the NAACP launched many protests and many Red Sox fans declared outrage. Green did not get his initial position back until Higgins was fired. The Sox eventually would drop their callous and racist disposition that many other teams had dropped in reference to integration through the incorporation of Green. It bears mentioning that the world altered significantly for the Red Sox following World War II. The team's management simply opted not to adapt to the changing environment and society and the team suffered as a result.
Boston Red Sox Prominent Players & Feats
A prominent player for the team was Ted Williams, who played for a total of 19 years. Williams was in fact the player that allowed the team to make it to their first World Series game in spite of the fact that they lost. In 1946, Williams would hit a total of 38 homeruns. That same year, the team won a total of 104 games. This fact bears mentioning because this was their first triple digit win in the history of the team. By the 1950s and 60s, the team had began having both good and bad seasons, with many of the good seasons being in the 1950s. Williams opted to retire in the early 60s ending a very successful stint as a baseball player for the Boston Red Sox. History looks at the team as horrible during the 60s, as they had more losses than wins. In 1967, the team would however end that record. Carl Yastrzemski was able to garner a winning season for the team. Ultimately, though, the team still lost. Even though they lost, the team began to get their proverbial mojo back and would have several winning seasons following the wins in 1967. Yastrzmeski would retire following the 1983 season, finishing a 22 year run with the Sox.
As the team reached the 1970s, they would once again experience fluctuations, but would have more wins than losses. One year, 1978, they had a highly successful winning streak, but did not finish as well as they needed to, to keep the momentum going. They would lose a playoff game to the New York Yankees. On a side note: the team has had a significant rivalry with the New York Yankees for many years. It is deemed one of the most notorious rivalries in baseball history.
The rivalry has been ongoing for approximately 100 years. It is frequently discussed mostly in the Northeastern United States. Many baseball fanatics consider the rivalry both good and bad for the game. Since its inception, both the New York Yankees and the Sox have been able to engender a significant and extensive amount of media coverage, both on radio and television. As the Sox reached the 1980s, they were able to compile several victories as a result of pitcher Roger Clemons. Clemons was known to be a superb pitcher and thus, the team had a 24 wins to 4 losses regular season. Once the 1990s emerged, the Boston Red Sox would have some successful years. They won a division title in 1990. In 1995, they won another division title. They would end the 1998 season with approximately ninety-two wins. The fluctuations of wins and losses ran rampant throughout the 90s for the team. In 1999, the team was able to make the playoffs as a result of pitcher Pedro Martinez.
At the turn of the 20th century into the 21st, the team would begin with a rough start, failing to get an opportunity to make it to the playoffs. Fate, however, intervened and they were able to score 93 wins in 2002 after the team acquired Manny Ramirez. They as a result made the playoffs in 2003 and had a dynamic showing being able to rebound from their 0 wins, to 2 losses. The Red Sox ended up beating the Oakland A's. In 2004, they were able to attain veteran Curt Schilling into their mix and rotation and thus scored 98 wins as well as winning the 2004 World Series against the Cardinals. This win would cease their 86 year championship drought. In 2007, the team won its 2nd World Series in a period of four years.
At the conclusion of 2011, the Sox received a new manager, Bobby Valentine and also saw a longtime closer sign with a different team. The 2012 season would be a marker for the Fenway Park celebration. The team has continued to fluctuate in wins and losses since then, losing Valentine in 2012 and encountering their worse season in 2012 since 1965. The Red Sox have continually in spite of their fluctuations, been on the forefront of emerging trends such as social media and mobile devices. Many of their team updates are posted on Facebook, Google + and Twitter before they are transmitted over the TV or discussed on radio.