The Orange Bowl
The Orange Bowl is an American college and university football game that is played annually in the city of Miami Gardens, Florida. The game itself has been celebrated since January of 1935 with the 75th anniversary having occurred in January of 2009. This particular bowl in addition to the Sugar Bowl is considered the second oldest bowl game in the country. The mission of the Orange bowl is to promote and serve the southern areas and regions of Florida with a commitment to excellence, giving back to the community and promoting community spirit. The bowl also embraces diversity and values selfless hard work and collaboration towards a greater enhancement of the economy and community. The bowl has continued to promote both entertainment and year round activities in the hopes of engaging all within the state of Florida to have a spirit of volunteerism and unification towards a common goal. It is this spirit that embodies the bowl that has made it one of the most respected of the bowl games.
The Orange bowl is a participant in the Bowl Championship Series, which is a particular network that has created and continues to create five bowl matchup games involving teams that are ranked exceptionally high within the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. The BCS as it is frequently known as also allows for the chance of the two teams at the top to compete in a championship game. The BCS system solely relies on a specific combination of selection methodology and polling to determine how teams are ranked. This process also is executed when the teams are narrowed down for the championship game.
Currently, this particular football bowl game is officially noted as the Discover Orange Bowl. In 2010, Discover Financial broadcasted that they would be the title sponsor. This agreement is slated to be ongoing for a period of four years. Prior to Discover Financial being the title sponsor, the bowl's sponsor from 1989 to August of 2010 was FedEx. The football game has been carried on ABC, CBS, NBC, FOX and ESPN. NBC was the first network to carry the game, beginning in 1964 and concluding in 1994. It aired between 1999 and 2006 on ABC, from 1995 to 1998 on CBS. ESPN picked up the game in 2010, however, as of 2011, FOX began carrying the football bowl game.
Early Beginnings & the Modern Game
In Pasadena, California, during the very first Tournament of Roses Parade, in 1980, many organizers of that parade decided to hold one in Florida of a similar nature, noting it as a fiesta of the American tropics and centering it on football. These organizers also decided that the celebration would be around New Year's Day. This is why the Orange bowl currently and has since its inception been broadcast around New Year's Day. When 1932 approached, a greeter in the city of Miami, Florida, would organize what was known as the Palm Festival Game. This game was seen as the predecessor to the current football bowl game. The city of Miami at the time was suffering immensely from the Great Depression and needed an economic boost. Two games would be played as a result, even though the NCAA did not recognize them as valid bowl games. This is the sole reason why most literature has depicted the current football bowl game beginning or rather having its roots in 1935. After the NCAA recognized the bowl, it began being played at the Miami Field. This was its location for a period of two years, and then it changed names to the Miami Orange Bowl moved to Sun Life Stadium, located in Miami Gardens.
The following are game results since 1935 for teams that have played at the Orange bowl.
In 1935, Bucknell played Miami and won 26 to 0. The following year, Catholic University faced Mississippi. It was a close game, but Catholic University ended up winning with a score of 20 to 19. In 1937, Duquesne came up against Mississippi State and won 13-12. Auburn faced off with Michigan State in 1938 and beat them, 6 to 0. In 1939, Tennessee won against Oklahoma, 17 to 0; while Georgia Tech beat Missouri in 1940, scoring 21 to Missouri's 7. In 1941, Mississippi State faced Georgetown and won 14-7. 1942 saw Georgia and TCU face off at the bowl game with Georgia winning 40 to 26.
In 1943, Alabama beat Boston College, 37-21 and LSU beat Texas A&M in 1944, 19 to 14. In 1945, Tulsa faced Georgia Tech in the bowl football game and won 26 to 12. In 1946, Miami came up against Holy Cross, but were able to keep them off by winning 13-6. 1947 began their bowl game with Rice facing Tennessee and winning 8 to 0. In 1948, Kansas beat Georgia Tech, 20-14. The bowl game of 1949 saw Texas go head to head with Georgia with Texas prevailing, 41 to 28. In 1950, Santa Clara faced Kentucky and won 21-13. The bowl game in 1951 was between Clemson and Miami, and was a close one with Clemson winning 15-14. Georgia Tech faced off against Baylor in 1952 and won 17 to 14. 1953 saw Alabama beating Syracuse with a score of 61 to 6. In 1954, Oklahoma faced Maryland and won 7-0. 1955 began with Duke facing Nebraska and winning 34-7; while Oklahoma and Maryland faced off in 1956 with Oklahoma coming away with a victory of 20-6. Colorado and Clemson played in the bowl game of 1957 with Colorado winning with a 27-21 victory. In 1958, Oklahoma faced Duke and won 48-21. The bowl game of 1959 saw Oklahoma and Syracuse battle it out with Oklahoma winning 21 to 6. 1960 began with Georgia versus Missouri, with Georgia having a sweeping victory of 14-0. Missouri faced Navy in 1961 and won 21 to 14. LSU and Colorado would play in 1962, with LSU winning 25-7. Alabama and Oklahoma faced each other in 1963, with Alabama winning 17-0.
Nebraska and Auburn played each other in 1964 and Nebraska emerged as the winner with 13 to 7. Texas and Alabama played the following year and Texas won 21-17. In 1966, Alabama won against Nebraska, 39 to 28. 1967 saw Florida emerge victorious against Georgia Tech with 27 to 12. In 1968, Oklahoma faced off against Tennessee and won 26-24. Penn State would play at back to back games in 1969 and 1970, first facing Kansas and winning 15-14; and then Missouri in 1970, winning 10 to 3. In 1971, Nebraska won against LSU, 17-12; while Nebraska would emerge the winner again the following two years facing off against Alabama in 1972 (38-6) and Notre Dame in 1973, winning 40 to 6. In 1974, Penn State won over LSU, 16-9. 1975's bowl game saw Notre Dame come against Alabama, scoring 13 to Alabama’s 11 as the final score. In 1976, Oklahoma won over Michigan with 14-6. In 1977, Ohio State won over Colorado, 27-10. Arkansas faced off against Oklahoma the following year scoring 31 to Oklahoma's 6. In 1979, Oklahoma won against Nebraska, 31 to 24; and they returned a year later winning again, this time against Florida State (24-7). In 1981, Oklahoma faced Florida State and barely won scoring 18-17. Clemson came up against Nebraska in the 1982 bowl game and won 22-15. In 1983, Nebraska won over LSU, 21-20. The bowl game in 1984 had Miami go up against Nebraska and win 31-30. Washington and Oklahoma played in 1985, with Washington winning 28-17. Oklahoma won over Penn State in 1986, 25-10.
In 1987, Oklahoma won against Arkansas, 42-8. Miami faced Oklahoma in 1988, winning 20-14. Miami came back the following year to face Nebraska and won 23-3. Notre Dame and Colorado began the 1990 bowl game with Notre Dame being deemed the winner, 21-6. In 1991, Colorado faced Notre Dame and closely won, 10-9. In 1992, Miami and Nebraska played and Miami won it handily scoring 22-0. Florida State and Nebraska would both play in the 1993 and 1994 bowl games. Florida won both games, the first having a score of 27-14 and the second, 18-16. In 1995, Nebraska faced Miami and won 24-17. In 1996, it was Florida State versus Notre Dame, with Florida State winning 31-26. In 1997, Nebraska faced Virginia Tech winning 41-21. Nebraska would come back in 1998, winning over Tennessee, 42-17. In 1999, Florida faced Syracuse and won 31-10.
2000 started with Michigan playing Alabama in a close game, with Michigan ultimately prevailing with a 35-34 victory. Oklahoma and Florida State played in 2001, with Oklahoma winning 13-2. Florida won over Maryland 56-23 in 2002. In 2003, USC faced Iowa and won 38 to 17. In 2004, Miami and Florida State battled in the bowl and Miami won 16 to 14. USC and Oklahoma came up against each other in 2005 and USC emerged as the winner, 55-19. In 2006, Penn State went up against Florida State and won 26-23, while 2007 saw Louisville face Wake Forest, with Louisville winning 24-13. In 2008, Kansas played Virginia Tech winning 24-21. Virginia Tech would come back in 2009 and play and win against Cincinnati, 20 to 7. In 2010, Iowa played Georgia Tech and came out the winner with a final score of 24-14. 2011 saw Stanford play Virgina Tech and win 40 to 12. In 2012, West Virginia played against Clemson and won 70 to 33. Florida State and Northern Illinois faced off in 2013, with Florida State scoring 31 over Northern Illinois' 10.
The 2012 to 2013 season was denoted as being the second time the bowl doubled as the host for both the bowl and the National Championship games. The bowl seeks to ensure that the southern part of Florida remains in position to be one of four communities in the country with a spot in the prestigious National Championship series and as a part of the rotation. The bowl is exceptionally panned as being a great even that attracts many visitors on a yearly basis. This translates into significant revenue for the state and the city as well as jobs, and benefits for several service industries. When the city hosted the bowl in 2008-2009 as a double host, they generated almost $200 million in profits and were able to garner notable media value. This was during a time when southern Florida was experiencing a horrendous economic situation.
The Orange bowl game is a consistent supporter of intercollegiate athletics, organizations and higher education. During the 2011-2013 seasons, the game gave more than $200,000 in scholarship money both to students as well as colleges and universities in an effort to strengthen the country's education. There are several recognition programs that give out awards that are affiliated with the bowl game such as the Impact and Excellence Awards. The bowl also is a noteworthy support both within the boundaries of Florida and outside of them. The bowl has also benefits many within the southern part of Florida with their events and competitions that provide a lot of funding for the state.
During the 2011 to 2012 season, the organization invested roughly $600,000 in an effort to get the southern part of Florida and the entire state for that matter involved in the youth sports effort. In January 2011, the bowl was able to cut a brand new ribbon on a field in Moore Park. This was a much needed area for the urban youth in Florida. It was a fitting finale that was the result of a $5.65 million initiative that was a gift. The particular initiative was began as a result of recognizing the bowl as a prominent event within the state of Florida and the nation. The Orange bowl directly gave $2.5 million to the project and raised nearly $650,000 in order for it to be completed as soon as possible. Moore Park is the location where the original festival game was played. Recently, in 2013, the bowl double hosted yet again making it almost a continuing tradition. The bowl organization is currently planning a restorative effort at Carter Park in Fort Lauderdale with the hopes of creating the same magic that was created when the field at Moore Park was opened.
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